RWE

Our organization is willing to offer decarbonization solutions: We produce renewable electricity. Thereupon, we are producing green hydrogen via water electrolysis at industrial scale in order to supply our partners in particular from the energy-intensive industries such as steel, chemicals or refinery. For them, hydrogen will be a crucial step towards carbon reduction. Furthermore, hydrogen could become a sustainable fuel for the transport sector as well as for heat supply. We are able to store hydrogen at large-scale in underground storages in order to provide hydrogen to the customers as needed based on energy trading.

At current production costs, green hydrogen still has a substantial cost disadvantage. By scaling up hydrogen production in our projects, we will contribute to the full hydrogen value chain bringing costs down and ensuring green hydrogen is truly tipping the balance in favor of climate protection. 

The following Energy Compacts will be presented:

Project 1: Eemshydrogen

Project 2: GET H2 IPCEI

Project 3: AquaVentus   

Project 4: HyTech Harbour Rostock

Solution Statement

The Eemshydrogen project focuses on the development of a large-scale electrolyzer to demonstrate the potential of flexible green hydrogen production to reduce carbon emissions in the chemical industry. The project is located in an EU recognized Hydrogen Valley. It’s a foundational project for the development of a pipeline between Eemshaven and the Delfzijl industrial cluster, where the green hydrogen will provide emissions-free pathways for the production of chemicals which are currently produced via emissions-intensive processes. It will be a part of the planned hydrogen backbone in North Netherlands, which connects to the salt cavern storage in Zuidwending and ultimately will become part of a larger envisioned international hydrogen network.

Challenge Statement

In view of the ambitious climate targets, a rapid ramp-up of the hydrogen economy is necessary. As long as green hydrogen and products derived from it are not competitive, a regulatory 

framework is needed that mitigates the investment risks along the entire hydrogen value chain for the investor and drives cost reduction.

Hydrogen strategies have been signed off rather quickly and the promised financial funds are quite considerable. Now, we need to put in place the relevant framework and build the needed infrastructure.

The following are the areas where we need to act first and foremost:

  • As a reaction to the demand from all sectors, the expansion target of green hydrogen needs to be elevated together with the renewables expansion.
  • The development of high-performance grids, especially by converting existing gas pipelines, based on an integrated infrastructure planning and a future energy system that primarily consists of electricity and hydrogen, should be targeted.
  • Industries, especially those that depend on hydrogen for decarbonization, need to be supported specifically.
  • Partnerships along the entire value chain that bundle specialist knowledge and create an efficient structure need to be established.
  • The conditions for a global green energy products market need to be created, in particular, since e.g. Europe will not be able to meet its demand only by its own resources.
  • The setting-up of an internationally accepted certification system (GO) as well as a pragmatic approach of the definition of green hydrogen which is valid worldwide are of utmost importance.

Energy Compact Description

The green hydrogen produced by Eemshydrogen will enable the decarbonisation of chemical sector customer sites at the Chemical Park Delfzijl. Although the application of green hydrogen in the future may be ubiquitous, the required off-take scale to enable industrial-scale production is currently only found in industry. The delivered hydrogen will be used to manufacture two products: renewable methanol and renewable hydrogen peroxide.

For Gasunie, which acts as a builder, operator, and owner of the hydrogen transport pipeline from Eemshaven to Chemical Park Delfzijl, the project contributes to its “hydrogen backbone” project. On 1st of October 2020, Gasunie started a market consultation for its proposed open-access hydrogen backbone. Ultimately, the hydrogen backbone would become part of a larger European backbone, which is foreseen to stretch across 23,000 km by 2040.

In 2022, Eemshydrogen wants to take the final investment decision (FID) to start building the electrolyser providing 50 MW of green hydrogen in 2024. It has the potential for build out up to 1 GW.

Energy Compact Indicator 

  • Final Investment Decision in 2022
  • Commercial Operation Date in 2024 – 50 MW in 2024
  • Potential for up to 1 GW

Minimum of 3,5 kton/yr green hydrogen production

“For Eemshydrogen to be an important cornerstone of a sustainable world, the adequate regulatory, technological and financial parameters need to come together: Policy decisions need to go hand in hand with set targets, investment security and the establishment of a real hydrogen market. Furthermore, the supply chain needs to be scaled up. Moreover, a significant scale-up of renewable power generation and electrolysis is needed to drive the high electricity costs down, and thus, make green hydrogen competitive compared with grey and blue hydrogen”